What Does A Website Consist of (what is in a website)

Information a website should have

What does a website contain?

What does a website contain needs proper understanding.

A website may look simple when you look at it.

But to understand what does that website consist of needs proper understanding.

We need to look deeply at it, which is what we will be doing here.

To start with know this that a website consists of or contains many layers and parts.

And we will help you understand all about what a website is made up of by looking layer by layer, and make it simple for you.

This will help you in many ways.

It helps you understand the importance of website as a business owner.

And it will help you understand what is website designing and you know what all you need to design different types of websites.

This can even help you understand some important aspects & topics of optimizatoin practically so that you can learn SEO fast in a day. For example, you can learn about on-page techniques and know about the important on page optimization techniques. You can also learn about SEO keywords and where and how these are used for optimization.

Learning to rank websites with Practical DIY SEO Training means optimizing these parts or layers only.

This is how you understand a website through its elements

The journey to find important parts and elements of website leads us to the answer on how to understand a website. This is exactly what we are going to do here, understand a website by knowing what does a website consists of which are its different parts, aspects, elements and features.

Every website is an independent entity with a unique identity and individuality. Just like a person or a business entity or organization. Also every website is a part of very very large network which is called world wide web or WWW. It is also called as web. This also, as believed, gave website its name. It was called web site or web presence and now website.

Here we will be talking about the essential elements and the important parts of a website.

The Essential Elements of website

Every website consists of the key or essential elements. These essential elements of a website are grouped into important parts of website.

These parts along with their respective grouped elements are what makes up a website.

This is all what a website contains and this is how you should understand what a website is made up of.

A website is the sum of many parts grouped into the essential elements.

The 5 essential elements of a website

  • Web Pages
  • Structure elements of web pages
  • Designing elements
  • Information elements
  • Live Publishing elements

Let us now know the elements and parts that websites consist of

List of important parts of website

Let us now understand the parts of every website

Web Pages

After the content which is the most important part and element of a website, web page are the second most important part. It is these web pages that make up a website. Remember we said in the beginning that website is the sum of parts. It is these pages that every website is made up of mainly.

  1. The Index or Home page
  2. Product pages
  3. Category pages
  4. About page
  5. Contact page
  6. Blogs

There are reasons why we need these, and even more pages, for every website. Every website is build and designed for some purpose. That purpose is to reach to its audience and provide them with the information. This information is served through content. It can be general information or about products or services. You cannot put all information and content on a single page or randomly one after the other.

For this we need different pages (these parts) which serve different purposes. Collectively these pages and parts create your website and fulfil your complete objective of having a website.

The Index or Home page

Index page is what we also call as the Home page. It your first or entry level page located at the root level of your hosting directory. This is the page that leads everyone to your website and is also called as the home page.

You cannot have a website without an index page which is always named as index.html or index.php.

When you open up a website, the main or first or the highest level page is Home page. It is also the index page. You access this page by simply the main URL i.e. http://www.mysite.com. The index page is like an introduction to the whole website or the business.

Product pages

The product pages or service pages are for the services or products of the company. Normally, we create or have separate pages for each of the products.

Category pages

Category pages show or list different categories of products or services. In case a company has many products which are both similar and different than you will have such category pages. These pages serve the purpose of guiding a user to relevant product pages.

About page

About page is for a business to tell the users about the company. What it does; how it started; what is their moto, beliefs, purpose; how they work, etc.

Contact page

Where a website provides all the detailed information about how to contact them. It has the address, phone numbers, email. If a company has different locations then they may put all their locations on the contact us page to let users know of their presence.


Blogs are information, both formal and informal. They are like conversational type of content. A company website can have blogs or there are separate blog websites.

Is it important to learn the parts of the web page

Yes it is important to learn the parts of the web page.

There are more than one reasons for this.

When you understand the parts of a web page then you know what each part contains.

This helps in knowing their importance.

This helps in designing each part appropriately.

This also helps in placing these parts in their respective and proper place.

And when you have a business website then the next thing to do is marketing.

When you do marketing on search engines these parts need to be optimized as per their importance and as users see them or should see them.

You know why SEO is important for business and its success, as it can bring tons of organic traffic.

So, it becomes important to learn these parts of the web page and optimize these accordingly.

Structural elements of web pages

The three parts of web page and website are:

Header section

Header section is the top most part of every web page. It is the first thing you see when you visit a website or web page. This section normally is the same across all the pages of a website.

The head section contains few other parts or is created with sub parts.

  1. Menu

      Menu is the place on every page which provides links to all the important pages of website. It is usually placed on the very top in header area.

  2. Logo

      Logo can be an image or text. It can also be the business name. It is unique for every website and represents the identity of the business behind the website.

Body section

Body section or area is where all the content is placed and published. This is the meat of a web page. All the information or content that is published including images, etc. are placed in the body section. Body area is the most important part of a website.

What part of a website contains the most content?

If you ask what part of a website contains the most content then it is the body section of every web page. It is this body part of any web page that contains the most content.

Footer section

Footer section is another important part of a website. Footer section is the section appearing on the bottom of the page. It also contains few important information for every website.

Among other things, footer section may contain the following important information about a website or business.

Links to other important pages like privacy policy, terms, etc.

Brief company description

Location details, addresses and contact details

Designing Elements

Then comes the stage of designing, developing or creating these pages. Here we create, build or design web pages. Here each page has three parts, which also become parts of that website.

When it comes to design and development, you need to use certain codes and techniques. These also form essential parts of website.

HTML: HTML means Hypertext Markup Language. It gives web pages the structure.

CSS: CSS or Cascading Style Sheets, is used for designing and where each section and its content will be placed and how will it show.

Information Elements

This is perhaps the most important of every website. It is the information which is the most important of every website. You cannot have a website without information.

And information means the content of a website. It is both an element & part of every website & every page. Content is important for each and every website.

What Information is what every website should contain

When you want to know what information should be on your website or what information a website should have then there is not one but three answers. Yes, we give you here three answers to what should be on a website or on your website.

Before going into the specific answers, you should also know that the information your website should have is basically depends largely upon these three things.

1. What is your business about

2. Who are your audience

3. Fact that website is your face on the Internet

But overall the type of people you target with your website or for whom you made your website and eventually people who visit your website decide what information you should put on your website.

Your business information

Your business information is the crux of your website. It is this information for which any user will visit your website. So every basic business website needs to have information on what the business is about, what you do, what you offer, and how can a user get what they want and what you are offering.

All the pages which we discussed above need to have information or right content.

Live Publishing Elements


To create a website one needs a domain name. And to make your website live or to publish it on the Internet you need to host it on a server.

Your domain name is your identity. It represents your business, entity or the person behind the website. Best is to have a domain name which tells users what you are about and relate the website to the objective.

Every domain name consists of four sub parts.

This is an example domain name or URL to understand these sub parts:


  1. mysite which is your actual domain name
  2. HTTP meaning Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
  3. WWW meaning World Wide Web
  4. .com which we elaborate in the next point

The right TLD

Along with domain name comes the TLD. TLD stands for Top-level Domain. Every domain has a TLD.


In the above URL example, “.com” part refers to TLD or Top-level Domain.

There are various TLDs like .com, .org, .edu, .net, etc. All these represent type of businesses like .com is for commercial business, .org for non profit organizations, .edu for institutions.

Similarly there are country specific TLDs like .in for Indian websites, .au for Australian websites, .nz for websites in New Zealand.


Hosting is a service and the only type of service which you need to make your website live on the Internet and on the web or the world wide web.

Hosting means your website files and pages are stored on a server from where they are published to make your website live and remain live and accessible on the Internet.

To take a hosting service you first need to have a domain. Hosting is assigned to a domain name.


It is these essential elements of your website which make it important. It is these elements and the process which turns separate pages of HTML codes into a meaningful online platform. It is these elements of your website that make it effective and purposeful.

Once you understand this then you will try your to put the best information on your website and will know well what should be on your website.